AUTHOR GUIDELINE 

OBJECTIVES
The aim of ADVANCES IN BIORESEARCH is to contribute towards developing and disseminating of knowledge through publishing original research, review papers and short communications in the various fields of life sciences and all relevant areas related to life sciences. Manuscripts must contain significant new findings and must not have been published elsewhere nor be simultaneously under consideration for any other publication outlet.

 

SCOPE AND THRUST AREAS
Advances in Bioresearch will be publish original, peer refereed research pertaining to the life sciences, pharmacology and the applications of these sciences. The Journal covers a wide range of interest in the fields of Life sciences. The Journal is focused on publishing research work; however review papers are also published. Advances in Bioresearch are cover following Subjects:

* Pharmaceutical Sciences
* Applied Zoology and Botany
* Agricultural Sciences [All Branches]
* Biotechnology and Bioinformatics
* Molecular Biology
* Toxicology
* Environmental Sciences
* Medical Sciences
* Veterinary Sciences
* Ecology and Environmental Sciences
* Food Technology
* Genetic Engineering
* Horticultural Science
* Cell Biology
* Plant Embryology
* Animal Embryology and related areas.
* Civil Engineering [Environment Related]
* Agricultural Engineering
* Ayurvedic and Unani Medicine

TYPES OF PAPER
Regular Articles:
 These should describe new and carefully confirmed findings, and experimental procedures should be given in sufficient detail for others to verify the work. The length of a full paper should be the minimum required to describe and interpret the work clearly.

 

Short Communications: A Short Communication is suitable for recording the results of complete small investigations or giving details of new models or hypotheses, innovative methods, techniques or apparatus. The style of main sections need not conform to that of full-length papers. Short communications are 2 to 4 printed pages (about 6 to 12 manuscript pages) in length.

 

Reviews: Submissions of reviews and perspectives covering topics of current interest are welcome and encouraged. Reviews should be concise and no longer than 4-6 printed pages (about 12 to 18 manuscript pages). Reviews manuscripts are also peer-reviewed.

 

Case Study: Case studies should be concise and no longer than 3-5 printed pages. 

 

PUBLICATION TIME
All articles will be published in the journal within 1 to 3 months. 

MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION
Manuscripts (in English), together with a   covering letter from the author responsible for all correspondence, should be submitted via   Electronic form in   Microsoft word may also be submitted through e-mails to: editorbioresearch@gmail.com 

 

REVIEW/DECISIONS
Manuscripts that are judged to be of insufficient quality or unlikely to be competitive enough for publication will be rejected during initial screening. The remaining manuscripts go through a review process, and possible decisions are: accept as is, minor revision, major revision, or reject. Authors should submit back their revisions within 1 month in the case of minor revision, or 3 months in the case of major revision. Manuscripts with significant results are typically reviewed and published at the highest priority.
A note on plagiarism: There is a zero-tolerance policy towards plagiarism (including self-plagiarism) in our journals. Manuscripts are screened for plagiarism before or during publication, and if found they will be rejected at any stage of processing.

 

REVIEW PROCESS

PREPARATION OF MANUSCRIPTS
Manuscripts should be prepared in English using a word processor. Manuscripts should be typed in double-spaced throughout including the reference section, with wide (3 cm) margins, in each side. 

 

TITLE
Should be short, specific and informative. The title page should include the names (s) of author(s), affiliation, mailing address and contact with e-mail of corresponding author, a running short title not exceeding 40 characters. By-line should contain the place (organization) where research was conducted.

 

ABSTRACT
Italic Forms, Written in complete and simple sentence should not be more than 250 words. Key words (maximum 7) must be given, and these should appear just beneath the abstract.

 

INTRODUCTION
Beginning with a new page, it should be brief and limited to the statement of the problem/ objectives and aims of the experiments with brief review of literature pertaining to the type of work. 

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS
Relevant details should be given including experimental design and the technique (s) used along with appropriate statistical methods used clearly along with the year of experimentation (field and laboratory).

 

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
It should include important findings discussed briefly. Wherever necessary, elaborate on the tables and figures without repeating their contents. Interpret the findings in view of the results obtained in this and in past studies on this topic. State the conclusions in a few sentences at the end of the paper. However, coloured photographs can be published only if the authors agree to bear the cost. 

 

REFERENCES
References should be referred by a number in the text, listed according to this numbering at the end of the paper. Unpublished data should not be cited in the references. The references should comprise the following information and in the order as given in the examples below:

Research article

[1]. Grochulski, P., Masson, L., Borisova, S., Pusztai, M.C., Schwarta, J.L., Brousseau R. & Cygler, M. (1995).Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1A (a) insecticidal toxin: Crystal structure and channel formation. J. Mol. Biol.,254(2):447-464. 

 

Proceedings/Seminar/Conference papers:

[2]. Estruch, J., Warren, G.W., Mullins, M.A., Nye, G.J. Craig, J.A. & Joziel, H.G. (1996). Transgenic Plants: An emerging approach to pest control. In: Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences, 1995, USA, 93:5369-5395.

 

Book and chapters:

[3]. Winston, J.E. (1999). Describing Species. Columbia University Press, New York pp.518

 

[4].Stork, N. (1997). Measuring Global Biodiversity and its Decline (Eds. Reakakudla, M.L., Wilson, D.E. and Wilson, E.O.) Biodiversity II, Joseph Henry Press, Washington DC, p.41-68 

 

TABLES
Tables should be typed on separate sheets and should bear a short descriptive title. 

FIGURES
It should be of good quality [600 dpi JPEG format]  drawn in black and white or colour on good quality tracing paper. The captions of the figures should be typed on a separate page. The figures should not exceed 18 x 15 cm size. 

 

PHOTOGRAPHS
The photographs (JPEG format) for publication should be of high contrast on glossy paper without folds or creases. Each illustration or plate should be as a separate sheet with the name(s) of author(s) and figure number printed lightly with soft pencil on the reverse side.  

 

EQUATIONS & UNITS
All equations should be type written by equation editor or other software. Mathematical notations should be simple and suitable for multidisciplinary audience. All data should be in metric units with single decimals. The data must be accompanied with statistical analysis. The papers not conforming to the above format will be returned without processing.  

 

ETHICS COMMITTEE APPROVAL AND PATIENT CONSENT
Experimental research involving human or animals should have been approved by author's institutional review board or ethics committee. This information can be mentioned in the manuscript including the name of the board/committee that gave the approval. Investigations involving humans will have been performed in accordance with the principles of Declaration of Helsinki. And the use of animals in experiments will have observed the Interdisciplinary Principles and Guidelines for the Use of Animals in Research, Testing, and Education by the New York Academy of Sciences, Ad Hoc Animal Research Committee.

 

If the manuscript contains photos or parts of photos of patients, informed consent from each patient should be obtained. Patient's identities and privacy should be carefully protected in the manuscript. 

 

COMPETING INTERESTS
Competing interests that might interfere with the objective presentation of the research findings contained in the manuscript should be declared in a paragraph heading "Competing interests" (after Acknowledgment section and before References). Examples of competing interests are ownership of stock in a company, commercial grants, board membership, etc. If there is no competing interest, please use the statement "The authors have declared that no competing interest exists".

 

ARTICLE PUBLICATION CHARGES[APCs] 
Advances in Bioresearch (ABR) aims to encourage research among all the professionals, students, researchers etc. The journal runs on a Not-for-Profit journal and funds collected are reinvested to improve journal services. Many people give journal their valuable time and services. Some of them work honorary or on subsidized salary. Also due to costs towards article processing, maintenance of article in secured data storage system, databases and other financial constraints, authors are required to pay minimum fees. Advances in Bioresearch (ABR) also make constant effort in collaborating with International universities and obtaining citations from various international citation agencies. As Advances in Bioresearch (ABR) does not get outside funding so authors are expected to pay a minimum amount of cost for the working of journal in an efficient manner. However waiver can be provided for the high quality research work upon request from authors of developing countries because we do not want the research to remain in cupboard just because of monetary issues.

 

COPYRIGHT POLICY
Each manuscript must be accompanied by a statement that it has been neither published nor submitted for publication, in whole or in part, either in a serial, professional journal or as a part in a book which is formally published and made available to the public. For the mutual benefit and protection of authors and publishers it is necessary that authors provide formal written consent to publisher and transfer of copyright form after acceptance of papers.

 

Advertising Policies for print and web publications
Our advertising policy is consistent with the principles mentioned in the Recommendations on Publication Ethics Policies for Medical Journals which issued by the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME).

http://www.wame.org/recommendations-on-publication-ethics-policie

ARTICLE WITHDRAWAL / RETRACTION / REMOVAL / REPLACEMENT POLICY

 

ABR takes its responsibility to maintain the integrity and completeness of the scholarly record of our content for all end users very seriously. Changes to articles after they have been published online may only be made under the circumstances outlined below. ABR places great importance on the authority of articles after they have been published and our policy is based on best practice in the academic publishing community.

Usually, the editor of a journal is the individual responsible for deciding which articles, texts or images will be published and which should be rejected. The decisions will, however, be influenced by the editorial board, the policies of the journal and legal requirements such as copyright infringement or plagiarism.

This policy has been designed to address these concerns and to take into account current best practice in the scholarly and library communities.
 As standards evolve and change, we will revisit this issue and welcome the input of scholarly and library communities. We believe these issues require international standards and we will be active in lobbying various information bodies to establish international standards and best practices that the publishing and information industries can adopt. 
See also the National Library of Medicine's policy on retractions and the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) concerning corrections and retractions.

There are different circumstances where articles submitted to the editor must be removed or retracted such as:

Article withdrawal:

This is most commonly used in the press when early versions of the written texts and articles are withdrawn due to errors. Sometimes, article withdrawal occurs when articles are submitted twice or to multiple journals, when the texts may represent infringements of the ethical codes, plagiarism and other fraudulent use of data.

Articles in Press (articles that have been accepted for publication but which have not been formally published and will not yet have the complete volume/issue/page information) that include errors, or are discovered to be accidental duplicates of other published article(s), or are determined to violate our journal publishing ethics guidelines in the view of the editors (such as multiple submission, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like), may be “Withdrawn” from website / database. Withdrawn means that the article content (PDF) is removed and replaced with a PDF simply stating that the article has been withdrawn according to the ABR Policy on Article in Press Withdrawal with a link to the current policy document.

Ø  Authors can be Withdraw manuscript within 2 days, after submission.

Ø  Manuscript withdrawal will not be possible once the review process has been initiated by the Editorial Board

Ø  No withdraw allowed after acceptance of Manuscript/paper title listed in Content/Online Publication.

Ø  No return publication fee at any conditions.

Ø  Authors or conference organizers or a third party are not allowed to withdraw submitted manuscripts because the withdrawal wastes valuable manuscript processing time, money and works invested by the publisher. The authors or conference organizers or a third party must always pay $200 per page manuscript processing charges as withdrawal penalty to the publisher even if the withdrawal is permitted. 

 

Article retractions:

These are used as post-publishing methods of dealing with infringements of editorial ethical codes, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data and other issues related to the publishing sector. In most of the cases, a retraction will be used in order to correct such errors as the ones stated above.

Standards for dealing with retractions have been developed by a number of library and scholarly bodies, and this best practice is adopted for article retraction by ABR:

Ø  A retraction note titled “Retraction: [article title]” signed by the authors and/or the editor is published in the paginated part of a subsequent issue of the journal and listed in the contents list.

Ø  In the electronic version, a link is made to the original article.

Ø  The online article is preceded by a screen containing the retraction note. It is to this screen that the link resolves; the reader can then proceed to the article itself.

Ø  The original article is retained unchanged save for a watermark on the pdf indicating on each page that it is “retracted.”

Article removal:

Sometimes, editors are required to completely remove articles or texts from the online database of the journal. This will occur in exceptional cases when errors cannot be corrected, the article infringes legal rights of other individuals, is defamatory or there is a court order that imposes such a decision. In these circumstances, while the metadata (Title and Authors) will be retained, the text will be replaced with a screen indicating the article has been removed for legal reasons.

Article replacement:

In cases where the article, if acted upon, might pose a serious health risk, the authors of the original article may wish to retract the flawed original and replace it with a corrected version. In these circumstances the procedures for retraction will be followed with the difference that the database retraction notice will publish a link to the corrected re-published article and a history of the document.