International Journal of Biodiversity and Species Research (IJBSR)

[A Quarterly Peer Reviewed International Journal of Biodiversity and Species Research]

IJBSR Vol 1 [1] September 2016
 



1. Taxonomic Significance of Aedeagus in the classification of Indian Acrididae (Orthoptera: Acridoidea)
     Shahnila Usmani, Mohammad Amir and Mohd. Kamil Usmani
     Section of Entomology, Department of Zoology, Aligarh Muslim University,
     Aligarh 202002, U.P., INDIA.
     Comparative study of aedeagus is made in one hundred and two species of grasshoppers representing fifty-nine genera belonging to the family

     Acrididae. Its taxonomic significance is shown. Divided, undivided or flexured conditions of aedeagus is taken as familial character. Apical valve of

     aedeagus longer or shorter than basal valve is considered as generic character. Shape of apical and basal valves is suggested as specific character.
    
Key words: Significance, aedeagus, classification, Indian, Acrididae
     [Full Text Download] [Page No. 01-18]
     http://zoobank.org/References/1BEE0A4D-5862-4017-9670-EA98F9103E99
    [ urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1BEE0A4D-5862-4017-9670-EA98F9103E99]

2. Diet Predicts Nutrients Preference- Omnivorous Ant Prefer Carbohydrate Rich Liquid Diet While Predatory Ant Prefer Lipid And Protein

     Jithya P.R., P.Lakshmi Devi Menon, Baaby Job & Presty John
     Department of Zoology, Vimala College, Thrissur¬680009
     Forest Entomology, Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi¬ 680653


    
Abstract: Ants vary widely in diet and the current study show that this is reflected in their food preferences. Therefore an attempt was made to

     observe the food preference of two ant species, Myrmicaria brunnea, Saunders an Omnivore and Oecophylla smaragdina (Fabricius) which is

     predatory in habit. A range of foods differing in sugary carbohydrate, lipid and protein was provided to the two species. The daily foraging activity

     cycles of the Myrmicaria brunnea and Oecophylla smaragdina were examined. Their attraction to a range of foods at different sessions of a day was

     determined. M. brunnea was attracted to carbohydrate rich liquid foods while O. smaragdina preferred lipids and proteins over carbohydrates. The

     study indicated a varied attraction response among the two species of ants at different times of the day to the various foods.

     Key words: Foraging, diurnal, diet, nutrient ,activity
     [Full Text Download] [Page No. 19-26]
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     [ urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:83EAD521-A3D9-447B-B88F-6FAD31EEA465]

3. Distribution of Orthopteran Fauna of Different Habitats In Three Districts Of Chhattisgarh India
    
SUNIL KUMAR GUPTA
      Zoological Survey of India, Prani Vigyan Bhawan, 'M' Block New Alipore, - Kolkata-,700053, West Bengal, India


     
Abstract: The paper deals with the collection of Orthoptera fauna three districts of Chhattisgarh viz. Durg, Jagdalpur and Korba, which includes the

      study of 45 species pertaining to 37 genera under 5 families.
     
Key words: Caelifera, Ensifera, Taxonomy, Acrididae, Central India
      [Full Text Download] [Page No. 27-38]
      http://zoobank.org/References/6D4BC605-E210-4248-8568-CC5537DAA93E
      [urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:6D4BC605-E210-4248-8568-CC5537DAA93E]

4.  Three new Malvaceae species to the flora of the United Arab Emirates
      Mohammad Shahid and N.K. Rao
      International Center for Biosaline Agriculture, P.O. Box 14660, Dubai, United Arab Emirate


     
Abstract: In the United Arab Emirates (UAE), 7 species of the family Malvaceae have been described in the literature earlier. Here we reported three

      more species of the family that were found in different parts of the country. Gossypium herbaceum, a wild relative of cotton, was observed at 2

      places in the emirate of Abu Dhabi. Hibiscus trionum,commonly known as flower-of-an-hour, was recorded on a roadside in Ajman, while Sida

      spinosa, a weedy plant, was noted ata farminthe mountainous region of Ras al Khaimah. The three taxa represent 30% of the Malvaceae species

      recorded in the UAE, which now stands at 10.
     
Key words: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Gossypium herbaceum, Hibiscus trionum, Malvaceae,Ras al Khaimah, Sida spinose
     [Full Text Download] [Page No. 39-44]
     http://zoobank.org/References/4380B37E-ABC2-41F5-882D-6B2BBDFB0549
     [urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:4380B37E-ABC2-41F5-882D-6B2BBDFB0549]

5. Pygmy grasshoppers fauna (Orthoptera: Tetrigidae) from Chhattisgarh, India
     Sunil Kumar Gupta & Kailash Chandra
     Zoological Survey of India, Prani Vigyan Bhawan, 'M' Block New Alipore, Kolkata-700053, West Bengal, India
     E-mail: skumarento@gmail.
    
Abstract: The paper deals with the collection of pigmy grasshoppers of Chhattisgarh, which includes the study of 19 species pertaining to 8 genera

     belonging 2 subfamilies i.e. Scelimeninae and Tetriginae, under family Tetrigidae.
    
Key words: Orthoptera: Tetriginae, Scelimeninae, Barnawapara, Durg, Kabirdham
    [Full Text Download] [Page No.

6. Status of Marine mammals along Southern Coast, Odisha: Ganjam.
     Subrata Kumar Behera, Rajkishore Mohanta, S.S.Mishra
     1&3 Integrated Coastal Zone Management Project, Berhampur Forest Division, Berhampur, Odisha, India
     2 Integrated Coastal Zone Management Project (PMU), Green park, Saheed Nagar, Bhubaneswar-751004, Odisha, India


    
Abstract: Our current knowledge of the distribution and occurrence of cetacean species in the southern odisha coast remains fairly rudimentary till

     date. Till now no systematic boat surveys had done on this coast for marine mammals. Only opportunistic sightings and few washed ashore marine

     mammals have being reported. Several of these appear to be poorly documented in this area. In this study, four marine mammals, common Bottle
    nose dolphin (Tursiops aduncus), Hump back dolphins (Sousa chinensis), Porpoise (Neophocaena phocaenoides) Spinner dolphins (Stenella
    longirostris)  were counted and found in the shallow water areas of the coast during high tides to collect food. Bottle nose dolphin had relatively good
    population  in the southern part of the coast. But other two species-Porpoise and Spinner dolphin were very rare. At one instance dead finless
    porpoise was  recorded from Sector III and rare sighting was for the spinner dolphin in sector III.

    The study identified that about one third of the total area of the

     coast support the marine mammals which visit the area during high-tides (sector III & IV). As this two sectors are relatively free from developmental

     activities like ports, jetties, and other human activities. Thus, this part of the coast is key habitat for dwindling population of the marine mammals.

     Undoubtedly, a better knowledge of the biodiversity and occurrence of cetaceans in this geographical location, and their role in the marine

     ecosystem,  may also be of significant scientific interest.
     
Key word: Marine Mammals, Distribution, Porpoise, Spinner dolphin, Bryde’s Whale
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